Australia is a vast and diverse country with a rich history and culture that is reflected in its many unique attractions. You may be interested in exploring the country’s colonial past, learning about the traditions of its Indigenous peoples, or experiencing its natural wonders. No matter your preference, there is no shortage of things to see and do.
One of the challenges of traveling in Australia is the country’s sheer size and distance between its many attractions. However, there are a variety of modes of transport available to tourists that make it easy to get around. Domestic flights are a popular option for covering long distances, while trains and buses are also available for those who prefer to see the country at a slower pace. For the true adventurer, and those who don’t like to miss a thing, a campervan hire can’t be beaten. It is the easiest option to allow visitors to explore at their own pace.
One of the highlights of traveling in Australia is the opportunity to experience its rich history and culture. From the former penal colonies of Port Arthur and Cockatoo Island to the living history museum of Sovereign Hill, there are many opportunities to learn about the country’s past. The country’s Indigenous culture is also celebrated in numerous ways, including the arts, dance, and traditional storytelling. Not to mention, of course, Australia’s stunning natural attractions – from the Great Barrier Reef to the Flinders Ranges – which are culturally significant to the First Nations people.
Port Arthur Historic Site – Tasman Peninsula – Tasmania
The Port Arthur Historic Site is a former penal colony that is now a UNESCO World Heritage site. Visitors can explore the ruins of the prison, learn about the lives of the convicts who were sent there, and take a tour of the grounds.
Hyde Park Barracks – Sydney – New South Wales
The Hyde Park Barracks were built in the early 19th century to house convicts who were sent to Australia. Today, the barracks have since been transformed into a museum that explores the lives of the convicts and their impact on Australian history.
Old Melbourne Gaol – Melbourne – Victoria
The Old Melbourne Gaol was a prison that was in use from 1842 until 1929. Visitors can take a tour of the gaol, learn about the lives of the prisoners who were incarcerated there, and see the gallows where infamous bushranger Ned Kelly was hanged.
Sovereign Hill – Ballarat – Victoria
Sovereign Hill is a living museum that recreates life in the gold rush era of the 1850s. Visitors can explore the historic buildings, try their hand at gold panning, and watch demonstrations of traditional crafts.
Jenolan Caves – Blue Mountains – New South Wales
The Jenolan Caves are a series of limestone caves that are believed to be over 340 million years old. Touists can take a tour of the caves and see the stunning rock formations that have been created over millions of years.
The Rocks – Sydney – New South Wales
The Rocks is a historic neighbourhood in Sydney that dates back to the early days of colonisation. Visitors can explore the cobblestone streets, visit the historic pubs and buildings, and learn about the area’s history.
Cockatoo Island – Sydney Harbour – New South Wales
Cockatoo Island is a former penal colony that was also used as a shipyard. Visitors can take a tour of the island, explore the historic buildings, and learn about the lives of the convicts who were sent there.
Fort Scratchley – Newcastle – New South Wales
Fort Scratchley is a historic fort that was built in the late 19th century to defend Newcastle from potential attack. Visitors can take a tour of the fort, learn about its history, and enjoy the stunning views of the ocean.
Australian War Memorial – Canberra – Australian Capital Territory
The Australian War Memorial is a museum and memorial that honours the Australians who have served in wars and conflicts throughout history. Visitors can explore the exhibits, see historic artifacts, and attend events and ceremonies.
Mount Isa Mines – Mount Isa – Queensland
Mount Isa Mines is a working mine that has been in operation since the early 20th century. Book a tour and learn about the history of mining in Australia. See the massive machinery that is used to extract minerals from the earth.
Adelaide Central Market – Adelaide – South Australia
The Adelaide Central Market is a bustling marketplace that has been in operation since 1869. Visitors can browse the stalls selling fresh produce, meats, cheeses, and more, and sample a range of local and international foods.
Flinders Ranges National Park – South Australia
The Flinders Ranges National Park is a stunning natural landscape that features rugged mountains, deep gorges, and ancient rock formations. Visitors can explore the park on foot, taking in the incredible scenery and learning about the indigenous culture and history of the area.
Fremantle Prison – Western Australia
Fremantle Prison is a former maximum-security prison that was in operation for almost 140 years. Visitors can take a guided tour of the prison, learn about the daily life of prisoners, and hear stories about some of the more notorious inmates.
Kakadu National Park – Northern Territory
Kakadu National Park is a vast wilderness area that is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna, as well as numerous rock art sites that date back thousands of years. Visitors can explore the park’s stunning landscapes, swim in its waterfalls, and learn about the traditions of the local Aboriginal people.
Great Barrier Reef – Queensland
The Great Barrier Reef is the world’s largest coral reef system and is home to an incredible variety of marine life. Visitors can snorkel or scuba dive to see the colourful coral and fish up close, take a scenic flight over the reef, or take a boat tour to explore the different areas of the reef.
Barossa Valley – South Australia
The Barossa Valley is one of Australia’s premier wine regions, known for its world-class Shiraz and other varietals. Visitors can take a tour of the valley’s wineries, sample the local wines, and learn about the region’s history and culture.
Broome – Western Australia
Broome is a picturesque coastal town that is known for its stunning beaches, turquoise waters, and unique culture. Visitors can take a camel ride along Cable Beach, explore the town’s historic Chinatown district, and learn about the region’s pearling history.